This is what, a few decades ago, we used to call a "pure vegetarian" meal-plan, free of the misery-based and quite unhealthy eggs and dairy products involved in an ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet. Today it is simply called "veganism." It is what numerous health advocates were promoting in the USA and Europe in the 1800s and certainly by the mid-20th century when "factory farming" and the fast-food industry hijacked most of the way food was produced and distributed. Many, many newer voices are again strongly promoting veganism, and dietitians and food industry groups are recognizing that "going vegan" is one of the strongest demographic trends, especially among young people 18-24.
(—see further below on the last two topics).
WATER REQUIREMENTS FOR DIFFERENT PLANT vs ANIMAL FOODS
• 14 gallons of water per 8 oz. of lettuce
• 18-20 gallons of water per apple or banana
• 22 gallons of water per 2 slices of bread
• 25 gallons of water per 8 oz. strawberries, pineapple, watermelon
• 33 gallons of water per 8 oz. orange
• 34 gallons of water per 16 oz. unprocessed potatoes
• 34 gallons of water per 16 oz. broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts
• 49 gallons of water per 8 oz. artichoke
• 55 gallons of water per 8 oz. peach
• 54 gallons of water per 8 oz. of corn
• 66 gallons of water per 8 oz. of wheat
• 70 gallons of water per 8 oz. of avocado flesh
• 111 gallons of water per 8 oz. of pasta
• 118 gallons of water per 8 oz. of barley
• 128 gallons of water per 8 oz. of soybeans
• 130 gallons of water per 8 oz. of asparagus
• 135-145 gallons of water per 8 oz. of dates or raisins
• 145 gallons of water per 8 oz. of rolled oats
• 150 gallons of water per 8 oz. of processed white rice (unprocessed paddy rice is sometimes said to require more water, but actually not since most of the water is reabsorbed into the water cycle)
• 150 gallons of water per 8 oz. of tofu
• 125 gallons of water per 8 oz. of dairy milk
• 190 gallons of water per 8 oz. of cheese
• 250 gallons of water per 8 oz. of chickpeas
• 260 gallons of water per 8 oz. of chicken
• 330 gallons of water per 8 oz. of butter
• 360 gallons of water per 8 oz. of pork
• 400 gallons of water per single egg
• 624 gallons of water per 8 oz. of sheep (mutton, lamb)
• 550-950 gallons of water per 8 oz. of nuts, ranging up from walnuts to hazelnuts, cashews, almonds
• 1,030 gallons of water per 8 oz. of chocolate
• 1,300 gallons of water per 8 oz. of coffee (only 1/10th of that for tea!)
• 1,800 gallons of water per 8 oz. steak or beef serving
Katherine Boehrer stated, in an Oct. 13, 2014 article "Some will argue that the measurement of gallons per pound isn't fair -- we should consider water consumed per gram of protein. In this case, pulses (including beans, lentils, peas, etc.) win out at 5 gallons per gram of protein, followed by eggs at 7.7 gal./gram, milk at 8.2 gal./gram, and chicken at 9 gal./gram. The numbers only go up from there, with beef topping the scale, requiring 29.6 gallons of water per gram of protein."
+ + + + + + + + +
Remember that vegan food choices (such as listed here), which are still being maligned by sadly ignorant persons in our society as somehow "weird" or "non-mainstream," have been the bulk or entire diet of billions of people over human history and actually comprise the same meal-plan of many of our top athletes, scientists, musicians, models, actors/actresses, and so many of our spiritual leaders past and present.
+ + + + + + + + + + +
THE SIX ABOLITIONIST PRINCIPLES:
But flesh with life thereof, which is the blood thereof, ye shall not eat. —Gen. ix., 4.
It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings, that ye shall eat neither fat nor blood. —Lev. iii., 17.
Ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl, or beast. —Lev. vii., 26.
Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off. —Lev. xvii., 14.
He that killeth an ox is as he that slayeth a man. —Isaiah lxvi., 3.
It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor to do anything whereby thy brother stumbleth. —Romans xiv., 21.
+ + + + + + +
10 Virtues of Veganism
[Note that the website uses the old word "vegetarian," but they mean a "pure vegetarian" diet free of meat, fish, eggs and dairy. We therefore substitute for "vegetarian" the word "vegan" throughout the following...]
+ + + + + + + + + + +
ANNOTATED "PROS and CONS" DISCUSSION OF READINGS, WEBSITES and FILMS:
If you are already committed to the abolitionist ethics and veganism as the only valid expression of this moral philosophy, see www.internationalvegan.org/ten-crucial-tips-for-public-outreach-work/ for how to best conduct social outreach to help fellow humans adopt this form of inter-species justice.
Gary L. Francione, Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation, NY: Columbia Univ. Press, 2008. One of the more recent, most comprehensive and most recommended books by a leading academic philosopher and professor of law and philosophy (at Rutgers University) compassionately advocating veganism based on complete abolition of animal exploitation. Francione makes a big jump beyond the work of earlier ethical philosophers arguing for certain limited animal rights like omnivore Peter Singer. See also Francione's two more recent books (separate entries listed below) and his earlier, seminal books, Rain without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement, Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1996; Animals, Property and the Law, Temple U., 1995; and Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog? Temple U., 2000.
--For breaking new stories related to veganism, see: Latest Vegan News at http://latestvegannews.com/
--General vegan info and resource websites include, starting with the two oldest groups:
A leading vegan magazine is VegNews at vegnews.com, "the premier vegan lifestyle magazine," with many awards for "best lifestyle magazine" from different groups.
• Live and Let Live, 2013, 80 minutes.
This feature-length documentary by German sociologist and author Marc Pierschel examines our relationship with animals, the history of veganism and the sound reasons that move people to go vegan. Six such persons are featured here (a butcher, a chef, a factory farmer, a farm sanctuary owner, an animal activist, and a professional cyclist). Philosophers Gary Francione, Tom Regan, and Peter Singer join scientists T. Colin Campbell, Jonathan Balcombe and many others to shed light on the ethical, health and environmental perspectives of veganism. The film observes the origins of veganism in London 1944 to its becoming one of the fastest growing lifestyles and moral/ethical movements worldwide, with more and more people realizing what’s on their plates matters urgently to the fate of billions of animals, the environment, and themselves.
• Speciesism: The Movie, 2013, 94 minutes.
Mark DeVries's low-key yet elevating film, which some critics have actually called "entertaining" and even "comic" (surely not the best words to use, given the serious issues at stake), is neither condescending nor overly confrontational and is based mainly on thoughtful interviews with thoughtful persons (e.g., leading animal rights philosopher Gary Francione, and the Holocaust survivor who was reminded of the death camps upon seeing a slaughterhouse) and silly persons (futilely trying to defend their omnivore eating habits). This is a more philosophical approach to the subject matter, less reliant on animal-cruelty scenes than a documentary like Earthlings; DeVries also talks with "welfarists" like Peter Singer and PETA's Ingrid Newkirk but with abolitionist Francione and near-abolitionist Tom Regan providing their views, this documentary's mixed message is provocative enough for most viewers to transform by showing the reality behind such absurdities as "Happy Meat" campaigns.
• Vegucated, 2011, 76 minutes.
Marisa Miller Wolfson's award-winning, extremely engaging and effective documentary, a perfect balance of light and heavy emotions, opens up with her own personal story of going vegan after learning about the horrors of the SAD (Standard American Diet) for our collective well-being. Then she finds and follows three ordinary meat- and cheese-loving New Yorkers (a young Latina college student, an aspiring male actor, and a psychiatrist-comedienne mother of two children) who all agree to adopt a vegan diet for six weeks. As part of their learning, they see the dark underbelly of animal butchery going on inside chicken, beef, and pork production plants, visit a farm-animal sanctuary, and undergo a remarkable ethical transformation that commits them to going vegan or near-vegan (because of social pressures) for the rest of their lives. The IMDB synopsis says, in part, "[At the outset,] they have no idea that so much more than steak is at stake and that the planet's fate may fall on their plates.... Part sociological experiment and part adventure comedy, Vegucated showcases the rapid ... evolution of three people who are trying their darnedest to change in a culture that seems dead set against it." Note: in the film, Wolfson mentions the UN FAO's obsolete calculation from 2006 that eating animal foods is responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas emissions when World Bank scientists Robert Goodland and Jeff Anhang in 2009 calculated that it is actually around 51%. For excellent further vegan information and resources, and the "Take the Vegucated Challenge" (to go vegan for a month or become vegan within a month), and testimonials from hundreds of viewers who've gone vegan after watching the film, see website www.GetVegucated.com.
• Earthlings, 2005, 95 minutes.
Shaun Monson's acclaimed documentary, poignantly narrated by Joaquin Phoenix, has transformed many viewers into ethical vegans overnight with its reasoned arguments and extremely gruesome imagery (for about 60 of its 95 minutes) of slaughterhouses, factory farms, puppy mills, circuses, medical labs, etc., concerning the use/abuse of animals in five domains: food, pet industry, clothing, entertainment, and science. See website Earthlings.com to watch the entire film and for more information. Note that in summer 2015, Monson and his team released the documentary "Unity," which explores humans' terrible mistreatment of animals as well as the environment and fellow humans, and the inspiring possibility of a harmonious, cruelty-free civilization.
• Peaceable Kingdom: The Journey Home, 2009, 78 minutes.
This is a soul-stirring and highly-rated animal rights film by Tribe of Heart founders Jenny Stein and James LaVeck. Like the earlier film by the same producers (Peaceable Kingdom, 2004, 70 mins.), it interweaves the stories of ranchers Howard Lyman, Howard Brown and others who used to raise animals for profit, then were profoundly transformed by the animals themselves to go vegan and quit the "factory farm" agribusiness industry that treats animal persons as mere "things" and "units of production." This film, rather than dwell at too much length on the atrocities of animal agriculture, mostly features beautiful footage and stories of animals and the humans who reclaimed their own souls in the process of finding animals to be full-fledged persons. See website PeaceableKingdomfilm.com and also the filmmakers' important web-resource HumaneMyth.org, "Deconstructing the Myth of Humane Animal Agriculture."
• Diet for a New America, 1991. 60 minutes.
Based on John Robbins' famous book of the same name, featuring interviews with T. Colin Campbell and doctors Michael Klaper and John McDougall. This documentary is sometimes shown on PBS and other educational channels or you can get it from EarthSave.org.
• Forks over Knives, 2011, 96 minutes.
Filmmaker Lee Fulkerson's widely-viewed and highly-acclaimed examination of the terrible health consequences of eating meat, dairy and junk food; he presents his own and several other patients' health problems and shows the amazing disease-reversing magic of switching to "whole-food plant-based diets" in as little as several weeks. The film features the blue-chip medical science work of T. Colin Campbell and his Chinese colleagues along with the remarkable clinical work of Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn, with appearances by partners Dr. Matthew Lederman and Dr. Alona Pulde, Dr. John McDougall, and numerous other doctors, scientists, athletes, and patients. A number of the patients were on death's door and then were cured through a few months or years of plant-based diets. As one reviewer among the nearly 2,500 reviewers at Amazon.com noted about this film: "No segments of tortured animals - just wonderful information, top athletes, and people reversing their chronic disease." See also www.ForksOverKnives.com for hundreds of recipes, hundreds of articles, and further information, and see the earlier-cited book by Drs. Pulde & Lederman, The Forks Over Knives Plan.
• Planeat: Nothing Changes the Planet as Much as the Way We Eat, 2012, 71 minutes.
British filmmaker Shelley Lee Davies and her colleague Or Shlomi consult with T. Colin Campbell and Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn and other experts to examine not just animal foods' terrible consequences for human health but also planetary health. With Campbell and Esselstyn featured, this film has much similar content to Forks Over Knives; Israeli scientist Gidon Essel adds more on the major environmental difference between consuming a plant-based diet over meat-and-dairy food choices. A nice emphasis in Planeat is the considerable footage (somewhere around 20 minutes) of expert chefs whipping up delicious, attractive vegan foods. A major omission in this film is the absence of any focus (except for a brief mention by Peter Singer near the close of a supplemental interview with him on the DVD) on the horrific agony of the animals exploited for meat and dairy. See website Planeat.co.uk for more information and many vegan recipes.
• Cowspiracy, 2014, 85 minutes.
Filmmakers Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn go in search of the solution to the most pressing environmental problems (climate change, severe water shortages, etc. etc.) and health problems and their take-away message is simply this: switch to a plant-based diet. The website www.Cowspiracy.com has a free fact-sheet with all the information that informs the film. Note again that the statistic on greenhouse gas emissions (the 18% figure from the UN FAO in 2006) grossly understates the problem by a factor of nearly three, as Goodland and Anhang have documented in their 2009 paper for World Watch Institute.
• The Ghosts In Our Machine, 2013, 93 minutes.
Director-writer Liz Marshall serves up a film about animal rights photographer Jo-Anne McArthur and her attempts to expose the horrors of the animals tortured and killed for food, fur, research, etc., but this documentary prefers to not make the vegan message very explicit, evidently not wanting to risk sounding "preachy," so the film lacks forcefulness. And there is nothing in here, for instance, about the suffering involved for animals in the dairy and egg industries. Overall the film's message is primarily "welfarist," not abolitionist. The difficult-to-view scenes are balanced with much footage of various soulful, lovable animals.
• Food, Inc., 2008, 94 minutes.
Filmmaker Robert Kenner's unflattering look inside America's corporate controlled food industries and their corrupt political connections, featuring Eric Schlosser (author of Fast-Food Nation), Michael Pollan (author of the more flippant bestseller The Omnivore's Dilemma) and other voices.
+ + + + + +
Please send this page to your loved ones and/or make copies and distribute freely.